Deceived by their inherent atheism, it appeared to them that nothing governed or ruled the universe, and that all was given up to chance."- 370 AD Saint Basil the Great, Bishop of Caesarea Mazaca in Cappadocia (Turkey Homily I on the Hexaemeron.
Each eye has "over 3,000 large ommatidial lenses".
100142, 280321 Lucretius Sedley, David (2003).
179 Applications Main articles: Applications of evolution, Selective breeding, and Evolutionary computation Concepts and models used in evolutionary biology, such as natural selection, have many applications.Merlo, Lauren.F.; Pepper, John.; Reid, Brian.; Maley, Carlo.331 Evolutionary algorithms are now used to solve multi-dimensional problems more efficiently than software produced by human designers and also to optimise the design of systems. These include: A proofreading system that catches almost all errors A mismatch repair system to back up the proofreading system Photoreactivation (light repair) Removal of methyl or ethyl groups by O6 - methylguanine methyltransferase Base excision repair Nucleotide excision repair Double-strand DNA break repair Recombination.Consequently, structures with similar internal organisation may have different functions in related organisms."The recent evolution of pentachlorophenol (PCP)-4-monooxygenase (PcpB) and associated pathways for bacterial degradation of PCP"."The Changing Concept of Epigenetics".Eshel, Ilan (December 1973). The reason is that the multicomponent complexes constructed from many proteins are themselves machines with rules of their own; rules not written in DNA." "The rules.Kerr, Benjamin; Feldman, Marcus.
Chicago History of Science and Medicine (2nd.).Lunyak, Victoria., Gratien."The feasibility of any particular proposed prebiotic cycle must depend on arguments pinnacle studio full crack about chemical plausibility, rather than on a decision about logical possibility." The metabolic cycles that have been identified by biochemists are of two kinds: simple cycles and autocatalytic cycles.Szell, Marta, Zsuzsanna Bata-Csorgo, Lajos Kemeny.Catching Fire: How Cooking Made Us Human (Main.).New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press."An average protein in a human cell may interact with somewhere between 5 and 15 different partners." 1 Their shapes fit each other like a hand in a glove.Gladyshev, Eugene.; Meselson, Matthew ; Arkhipova, Irina."On the fate of sexual traits under asexuality" (PDF).146 This kind of loss of function can occur because of mutation bias, and/or because the function had a cost, and once the benefit of the function disappeared, natural selection leads to the loss. Darwin and many later biologists realized that their simple models were erected like piers over swampy ground.
The evolutionist is stuck with imagining the evolution of mechanisms that prevent evolution, all the way back to the very origin of life.